Chaudhry Muhammad Sarwar



Designation: Former Governor of Punjab
Institution / Org:

Pakistan Tehreek - e - Insaaf

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Mohammad Sarwar (Born 18 August 1952) is a Pakistani politician who is the current Governor of Punjab. Sarwar was a British Labour Member of Parliament (MP) in Glasgow from 1997 to 2010, first for Glasgow Govan and then from 2005 for Glasgow Central. He was the first ever British Pakistani MP. He renounced his British citizenship in August 2013 following his nomination as Governor of Punjab by the government of Nawaz Sharif.

Early and family life

Mohammad Sarwar was born in Sian De Khuie, near Chicha watni Faisalabad, Pakistan. He was educated at the University of Faisalabad. In 1976 he moved to Scotland. That year he married Perveen Sarwar, with whom he had three sons and one daughter.

Sarwar has estimated assets of £16 million, mainly from the family wholesale cash and carry business, United Wholesale Grocers, which Sarwar and his brother founded in 1982. The brothers split the business in 2002, with Sarwar forming United Wholesale (Scotland) while his brother retained the previous name.

His eldest son was accused of an £850,000 missing trader fraud in United Wholesale (Scotland) Limited while he was managing director in 2003. In 2011 the Court of Criminal Appeal overturned his earlier conviction in 2007 for the fraud. Mohammad Sarwar was a remunerated director of the company, but never accused of involvement in the alleged fraud.

British political career

Sarwar first stood as a Labour councillor for Pollokshields East in the 1987 Glasgow City Council election, almost overturning a large Conservative majority. In 1992 he won the ward for Labour.

Sarwar was elected as MP for Glasgow Govan in the 1997 general election, becoming the first Muslim MP in Britain and the first Asian MP elected to represent a Scottish constituency. He was the first MP to swear the Oath of Allegiance on the Qur'an, using the method laid out by the Oaths Act 1978. Sarwar was suspended from holding office within the Labour Party in 1997 when he was charged with election offences, but he was acquitted in 1999 and the suspension was lifted.

He was re-elected in Glasgow Govan in the 2001 general election. The 2005 general election saw boundary changes in Scotland, so he fought and won the new constituency of Glasgow Central. He faced an opponent from the British National Party, with whom he refused to share a platform, and he persuaded other candidates to do the same. The returning officer announced the result from a platform with no candidates, and Sarwar later made a speech from the floor of the hall.

Sarwar became a member of the Scottish Affairs Select Committee from 2004, and was chairman since 2005.

In August 2006, he was a signatory to an open letter to Tony Blair criticising British foreign policy.

He played a crucial role in bringing to justice the killers of Glasgow schoolboy Kriss Donald. The killers fled to Pakistan, which has no extradition treaty with Britain. Through his political connections Sarwar was able to agree a one-off, no conditions attached, extradition treaty. They then faced trial and were convicted for the murder.

On 21 June 2007, Sarwar announced he would not stand again at the 2010 general election. His son, Anas Sarwar, succeeded him as MP for the Glasgow Central seat.

In November 2008, Sarwar was one of 18 MPs who signed a Commons motion backing a Team GB football team at the 2012 Olympics, saying football "should not be any different from other competing sports and our young talent should be allowed to show their skills on the world stage". The football governing bodies of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland are all opposed to a Great Britain team, fearing it would stop them competing as individual nations in future tournaments.

His nomination by Gordon Brown for a life peerage in the 2010 Dissolution Honours was blocked by the House of Lords Appointments Commission on the advice of HM Revenue and Customs, but the objections have since been lifted.

Pakistani political career

He played an important role in campaigning and fund raising in Britain for the right-wing PML (N) (now ruling party in Pakistan) during the 2013 General election in Pakistan. Soon after PML (N) chief Nawaz Sharif was sworn in as prime minister, he showed his intentions for becoming governor of Pakistan's most populous province Punjab.

On 5 August 2013, he was sworn in as the Governor of Punjab.

He resigned as governor of Punjab on 29 January 2015. On 8 February 2015 Sarwar joined PTI, and got the position as PTI's central President.

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Dr Muhammad saleem ismail ( lahore,Pakistan) Thursday, December 5, 2013 10:33:15 PM (MDT - USA)
I am very glad to say that ALLAH Almighty blessed us appointing you as governor Punjab we pray you InshALLAH you woul be success in both lives..

Dr Kashif Samin ( LLANDUDNO,United Kingdom) Sunday, November 10, 2013 5:08:34 PM (MDT - USA)
I was wondering what is government doing about the tax surcharge on call to pakistan. You must be aware when we call Pakistan from UK we have to pay tax on calling home? this is unacceptable where countries like india and bangladesh dont charge any tax.

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