Chaudhry Rahmat Ali
Chaudhry Rahmat Ali, founder of the Pakistan National Movement, was born in 1895. From his early childhood, Rahmat Ali showed signs of great promise as a student. After completing his schooling, he joined the Islamia College of Lahore in order to get his Bachelor of Arts degree. Rahmat Ali finished education in England, obtaining MA and LLB with honors from the universities of Cambridge and Dublin.
In the history of Pakistan, Chaudhry Rehmat Ali holds immense respect because of his valuable contribution to his country by suggesting its ultimate name, which the world would later recognize the state as. He suggested this name based on the comprehension of its meaning which read as 'Land of the Pure'.
Apart from that Chaudhry Rehmat Ali was the unofficial pioneer who presented the idea that the Muslims should have a separate state of their own. Nevertheless in the initial phases great Muslim leaders like Mohammed Ali Jinnah and Allama Iqbal weren't in agreement with the idea and instead believe in having a loose federation within united India with protected rights. In this way, Chaudhry Rehmat Ali was way ahead of the Muslim League as he had envisaged the repercussions the Muslims would face in a united subcontinent, way before the great Muslim leaders had realized it.
It is rather ironic that Rehmat Ali and Quaid-e-Azam never agreed in the political arena yet both of them had the same interest and goodwill at heart. However it doesn't fade the vitality of the role that Chaudhry Rehmat Ali played in the creation of Pakistan.
It was during the years 1930 through 1933, that he seemed to have established the Pakistan National Movement, with its headquarter at Cambridge. On January 28, 1933, he issued his first memorable pamphlet "Now or Never; Are we to live or perish forever?" He continued to write pamphlets and urge the Muslim leaders to bring the very demand forward. He coined the word "Pakistan" for 30 million Muslims who live in the five northern units of India; Punjab, North West Frontier (Afghan) Province, Kashmir, Sindh and Baluchistan. The pamphlet also gave reasons for the establishment of Pakistan as a separate nation. He spoke of an independent homeland for Muslims, Pakistan, in the northern units of India, "Bang-i-Islam" for Muslims in Bengal, and "Usmanistan" for the Muslims in Hyderabad-Deccan.
Chaudhry Rahmat Ali propagated the Scheme of Pakistan with a missionary zeal since its inception in 1933. In August 1947, Pakistan came to be established and in 1948 Chaudhry Rahmat Ali visited Pakistan. Later he proceeded to England to champion the cause of Kashmir through the United Nations.
Sick and weak, he died on February 12, 1951.