Dr. Ziauddin Ahmed
Dr. Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Ziauddin Ahmed was born in February 13, 1878 was a Pakistani mathematician, logician, natural philosopher, politician, political theorist, versatile educationist and a eminent scholar who was the Rector of Aligarh Muslim University, India. He was one of the central leader to lead the Pakistan Movement, and was very close to Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
He was born in Meerut and finished his High School there. In 1893, he did his Intermediate from Allahabad University, and then BA in Mathematics from Aligarh in 1895 with distinction and won Strachey Gold Medal. He was appointed as Assistant Master in M.A.O. College.
Later, he did MA in Mathematics from Calcutta University and from Allahabad University in 1897 and 1899, respectively and then D.Sc. in mathematics from Allahabad. He was the first Muslim who obtained D.Sc. (Mathematics). Then, he joined Trinity College, Cambridge in 1901 for Honors Degree in Mathematics and graduated with excellence by securing the first position. He was also awarded Sir Isaac Newton Scholarship in 1904, a rare academic honor that was ever conferred on an Indian. He was made a member of the Mathematical Society of London and a Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society. He did his Ph.D. from the University of Göttingen, Germany. He also visited Paris University in France and Bologna University in Italy for advanced studies in the field of modern Geometry. He was a genius as a mathematician and has worked in the Logarithms applications. During his stay in Europe, he received help from Ala Hazrat of Bareilly Shareef in solving a problem on Logarithms functions during the time of his Ph.D, which he was able to solve the problems in weeks.
He returned to Aligarh in 1906 and devoted himself to serve his alma mater and the mathematical for the rest of his life. In 1911, he was appointed Secretary of the A.M.U. Foundation Committee as well as Constitution Committee. He was the first Indian Principal of the M.A.O. College and became its first Pro-Vice-Chancellor. He was elected Vice-Chancellor in 1934 and remained so until 1946 with a couple of breaks for several reasons, and thus became the longest serving Vice-Chancellor in the history of Aligarh Muslim University. He was also appointed Rector of the University.
He was a great parliamentarian of Pakistan Muslim League. He was appointed a Member of State Assembly in 1919 as representative of Allahabad University. He was elected a Member of Central Assembly in 1930. He was one of the earliest members of the All-India Muslim League and stuck to the organization till the end of his life. As desired by Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Ziauddin became the Secretary of the newly organized Muslim League in the Central Assembly of India in 1938. Sir Ziauddin Ahmed supported the Pakistan Movement and encouraged the students of Aligarh Muslim University to play an active role in this historic movement. He was also chosen by Quaid-e-Azam to be the first General Secretary of the Muslim League Parliamentary Party.
Sir Ziauddin did an outstanding job in Budget-making for the Indian Railways and later also worked with the Reserve Bank of India and he achieved the goals which the Indian National Congress had fought and lost. Sir Ziauddin Ahmad was a trusted Lieutenant and Associate of the Muslim pioneers like Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Nawab Viqar-ul-Mulk Kamboh, Nawab Mohsinul Mulk, Sir Sultan Muhammad Khan Aga Khan, Syedna Tahir Saifuddin, Quaid-e-Azam and Quaid-e-Millat Liaquat Ali Khan who later became a 1st Prime Minister of Pakistan
After partition of India, the family of Sir Ziauddin Ahmed migrated to Pakistan where they were settled in Karachi. In August of 1947, he was appointed advisor to Government of Pakistan by Founder of Pakistan Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, who was the first Governor-General of Pakistan. In 1947, Sir Ziauddin became a naturalized citizen of Pakistan, and he died on December 23, 1947 in London, Great Britain while visiting the Imperial College London's Mathematics Department. In compliance of his wishes, his body was brought to Aligarh, India and buried by the side of his mentor Sir Syed Ahmed Khan within the campus of Aligarh Muslim University. This incidentally found fulfillment of his promise to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan to remain Attached to Aligarh till his end.