Muhammad Abdul Aziz is a Pakistani cleric. He was the Khateeb (prayer leader) in the central mosque of Islamabad known as Lal Masjid, which was the site of a siege in 2007 with the Pakistani army. On July 4, 2007, he was arrested by the Pakistani police as he was trying to escape the complex while dressed in a burqa. According to his account, he was forced by authorities to rewear the burqa. Aziz was released from custody by the Pakistani supreme court in 2009 and acquitted in 2013.
The mosque he leads operates the Jamia Hafsa madrassas and has a militia. Its followers have engaged in political protests and have been involved in vandalism, violence, kidnapping, and arson. In 2014, Aziz named a library at one of the mosque's seminaries after Osama Bin Laden.
Aziz came to Islamabad as a six-year-old boy from his home town in Punjab, when his father was appointed Khateeb of Lal-Masjid in 1966. He grew up in the liberal atmosphere of Islamabad. Aziz is the son of Maulana Muhammad Abdullah, the first prayer leader of Lal-Masjid, and elder brother of Abdul Rashid Ghazi, who was killed in a government raid. Abdul Aziz is descended from Sadwani clan of Mazari tribe in the town of Rojhan at the border of southern Punjab and Balochistan. Pakistan's last military ruler, General Zia-ul-Haq, was said to be very close to Maulana Abdullah.
After studying for few years in a public school, he was later sent to Karachi to study in the most renowned religious seminary. He is recognized as a religious scholar by his contemporaries. Maulana Abdul Aziz is a graduate of Jamia-tul-Uloom-il-Islaamiyyah Banuri Town, a Madrassah in Karachi, where he studied the customary Dars-e-Nizami, which is taught at the most elementary level of religious education in Pakistan.
Maulana Abdul Aziz was released on April 16, 2009 by the Pakistani supreme court as he awaited trial on charges of murder, incitement, and kidnapping. He was greeted by throngs of supporters.On 24-September-2013 he was acquitted from his last case. Since 2001, 27 different cases had been registered against him, but he was plead not guilty in all of those cases.