2017 – The year of judicial actions

Source:  Tribune Published in Law & Order on Sunday, December 31, 2017

KARACHI: The year 2017 saw the superior judiciary – the Supreme Court (SC) and the high courts– taking up cases of public interest, especially those relating to basic amenities, despite their preoccupation with the constitutional litigation.


Marine pollution

The apex court recently directed the additional attorney-general to communicate to the prime minister to do the needful to help the provincial government control growing marine pollution caused by dumping of 460 million gallons of toxic untreated industrial effluent and domestic waste into the sea every day.

The court passed this direction with regard to the recently approved joint plant of the federal and provincial governments to install five combined effluent treatment plants across Sindh for the treatment of industrial and domestic waste. The matter is still pending.

Encroached upon recreational spaces

Nearly 35,000 amenity plots across the metropolis are under encroachment and are being used for commercial activities. The SC ordered the Karachi Development Authority (KDA) and Karachi Metropolitan Corporation (KMC) to retrieve such recreational spaces from land grabbers.

Sindh govt not letting IG perform duties, court told

This issue emerged surprisingly during the hearing of a case filed by Sabiha Parveen who had sought contempt of court proceedings against the KDA officials for allotting her an amenity plot in lieu of a residential plot.

Amazed at how a space originally earmarked for the purpose of recreational activities could be allowed by the authorities to be used for residential purposes, the judges had sought details of all the amenity spaces allotted by the KDA for residential or commercial use in violation of the SC’s judgments and orders.

Submitting a report on the court’s order, the KDA land director revealed that 35,000 amenity plots were under encroachment in the city.

To ensure that the fundamental rights concerning right to life and right to live in a better environment were protected, the apex court ordered on November 30 removal of all sorts of encroachments from the amenity plots within a deadline of two months. The matter is not yet finally disposed of.

NAB’s [clipped] powers

As Pakistan faces an ongoing drive to purge the country of corruption, which also resulted in the disqualification of an elected prime minister, the SHC reserved its verdict in the controversial matter relating to operational jurisdictions of the National Accountability Bureau (NAB) in the provinces.

Water, sanitation conditions: SC seeks Sindh government’s reply to contempt of court plea

The PPP-led provincial government used its majority in the Sindh Assembly to pass the National Accountability Ordinance, 1999 Repeal Act to clip the federal anti-graft watchdog’s powers to operate in the province.

Playing the political card, opposition parties such as the Muttahida Qaumi Movement – Pakistan, Pakistan Muslim League – Functional, Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf and rights campaigner Pasban Pakistan had challenged the Act that provided for transferring all the inquiries from NAB to the provincial anti-corruption authority.

In August, the SHC had allowed NAB to continue with pending inquiries and investigations initiated against former and sitting politicians and government functionaries till the final disposal of the case. The order in the case was reserved.

In a report, the NAB prosecutor disclosed before the court that the bureau was investigating corruption-related cases against 1,500 currently serving or retired government lawmakers and functionaries.

Removing corrupt officials

Nearly 500 corrupt officials, who got restored to their posts after entering into plea bargains and voluntarily returned appropriated money to NAB, are now facing removal from their posts.

While hearing a petition of a district accounts officer who was restored to his position after returning embezzled money, the judges had widened the scope of the case, calling names of all such officers enjoying official authority despite confessing to corruption and returning the plundered money to NAB.

SHC suspends notification declaring 1,061 buildings as heritage sites

IG’s appointment case

The Constitution guarantees safety and security of life to every citizen, but the Sindh police’s inspectors-general themselves had no job security.

In a landmark case, the Sindh High Court (SHC) ruled this year that Sindh IG Allah Dino Khawaja will complete the tenure of his service, as already held by the Supreme Court in the famous Anita Turab case, in addition to exercising his full official authority and powers to effectively and efficiently handle the administrative affairs of his force.

The case was brought to the court by civil society members, including the Pakistan Institute of Labour Education and Research Executive Director Karamat Ali, Pakistan Fisherfolk Forum’s General Secretary Saeed Baloch and others.

The activists’ move came following a dramatic change of events, as the provincial government attempted to remove IG Khawaja in December 2016 reportedly for not following its orders.

The drama continued as the PPP-led government once again tried to get rid of the ‘defiant’ IG, but this time by unilaterally surrendering his services to the federal government and appointing Additional IG Abdul Majeed Dasti in his place.

A thorn in their side: Court allows NAB to proceed with pending inquiries

The move was once again blocked by civil society, which sought contempt of court proceedings against the authorities concerned. Finally, the judges passed a judgment declaring that the provincial government could not interference in the administrative affairs of the police department, including removing the IG without completing his tenure.

Un-terrorizing crime

While deciding another high-profile case concerning law and order, the SHC’s anti-terrorism appellate bench ruled that the case relating to the murder of Shahzeb Khan does not fall within the ambit of the Anti-Terrorism Act.

Setting aside the death sentence awarded to Shahrukh Jatoi, Nawab Sajjad Talpur and life imprisonment to Siraj Talpur and their servant Ghulam Murtaza Lashari, the high court sent the case to the ordinary sessions court for re-trial.

The cold blooded murder of a police deputy superintendent’s son by the accused over Lashari harassing the former’s sister sparked country-wide protests and debate on whether the powerful would ever pay the price for their crimes in Pakistan.

After showering praises on the system over the conviction of criminals, their release on bail after compromising with the victim’s family has once again sparked a debate among Pakistanis on the social imbalances and poor governance in the country.

Author Information

Written by Naeem Sahoutara