This Ad will close in 15 seconds Or click to close it

Muhammad Ayub Khan

Title: Second President of Pakistan
Occupation: Political Leader
Institution/Org: Pakistan Army
Views: 18315
Comments: 11
Articles: 0
Audio Comments: 0
Phone Messages: 0
64.8% 31% 4.2%
 
 
 

Total 142 Votes
Invalid votes : 14
Details Fame Graph
Share This Profile on FACEBOOK Share/Save/Bookmark
Details of Muhammad Ayub Khan



Muhammad Ayub Khan (May 14, 1907 – April 19, 1974) was the first military ruler of Pakistan, serving as the second President of Pakistan (1958–1969). He became the Pakistan Army's first native Commander in Chief in 1951, and was the youngest full general and self-appointed Field Marshal in Pakistan's military history.



Ayub Khan was born on May 14, 1907, in Haripur British India, in the village of Rehana near the Haripur District of North-West Frontier Province. He was a Pashtun (Pathan) of the Tareen tribe.



For his basic education, he was enrolled in a school in Sarai Saleh, which was about four miles from his village and used to go to school on a mule's back. Later he was moved to a school in Haripur, where he started living with his grandmother. He enrolled at Aligarh Muslim University in 1922, but did not complete his studies there, as he was accepted into the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst Khan’s son Gohar Ayub Khan was Pakistan’s Foreign Minister in the Nawaz Sharif government. Gohar’s son and Ayub’s grandson Omar Ayub Khan was Pakistan’s Minister of State for Finance. Gohar Ayub Khan and Omar Ayub Khan are politicians of Hazara.



As a result of his having control of the Pakistan Army, Ayub deposed Mirza on October 27 in a bloodless coup, sending Generals Wajid Burki, Azam, and Sheikh in the middle of the night to pack Mirza off to exile in England. This was actually welcomed in Pakistan, since the nation had experienced a very unstable political climate since independence.



In 1960, he held an indirect referendum of his term in power. Functioning as a kind of electoral college, close to 80,000 recently elected village councilmen were allowed to vote yes or no to the question: "Have you confidence in the President, Field Marshal Mohammed Ayub Khan?" Winning 95.6% of the vote, he used the confirmation as impetus to formalise his new system.



Ayub Khan with Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, wife of then U.S. President John F. Kennedy in 1962



Ayub moved to have a constitution created, and this was completed in 1961. A fairly secular person by nature, Ayub Khan's constitution reflected his personal views of politicians and the use of religion in politics.



In 1962, he pushed through a new constitution that while it did give due respect to Islam, it did not declare Islam the state religion of the country. It also provided for election of the President by 80,000 (later raised to 120,000) Basic Democrats—men who could theoretically make their own choice but who were essentially under his control. He justified this as analogous to the Electoral College in the United States and cited Thomas Jefferson as his inspiration. The government "guided" the press and, while Ayub permitted a National Assembly, it had only limited powers.



As a result of his having control of the Pakistan Army, Ayub deposed Mirza on October 27 in a bloodless coup, sending Generals Wajid Burki, Azam, and Sheikh in the middle of the night to pack Mirza off to exile in England. This was actually welcomed in Pakistan, since the nation had experienced a very unstable political climate since independence.



In 1960, he held an indirect referendum of his term in power. Functioning as a kind of electoral college, close to 80,000 recently elected village councilmen were allowed to vote yes or no to the question: "Have you confidence in the President, Field Marshal Mohammed Ayub Khan?" Winning 95.6% of the vote, he used the confirmation as impetus to formalise his new system.



Ayub moved to have a constitution created, and this was completed in 1961. A fairly secular person by nature, Ayub Khan's constitution reflected his personal views of politicians and the use of religion in politics.



In 1962, he pushed through a new constitution that while it did give due respect to Islam, it did not declare Islam the state religion of the country. It also provided for election of the President by 80,000 (later raised to 120,000) Basic Democrats—men who could theoretically make their own choice but who were essentially under his control. He justified this as analogous to the Electoral College in the United States and cited Thomas Jefferson as his inspiration. The government "guided" the press and, while Ayub permitted a National Assembly, it had only limited powers.



Ayub began to lose both power and popularity. On one occasion, while visiting East Pakistan, there was a failed attempt to assassinate him, though this was not reported in the press of the day.



Ayub was persuaded by underlings to award himself the Nishan-e-Pakistan, Pakistan's highest civil award, on the grounds that to award it to other heads of state he should have it himself and also promoted himself to the rank of Field Marshal. He was to be Pakistan's second Field Marshal, if the first is regarded as Field Marshal Sir Claude Auchinleck (1884–1981), supreme commander of military forces in India and Pakistan in the lead-up to independence in 1947.



Aggravating an already bad situation, with increasing economic disparity in the country under his rule, hoarding and manipulation by major sugar manufacturers resulted in the controlled price of 1 kg sugar to be increased by 1 rupee and the whole population took to the streets. As Ayub's popularity plummeted, he decided to give up rule.



In 1971 when war broke out, Ayub Khan was in West Pakistan and did not comment on the events of the war. He died in 1974.






Post your comments for Muhammad Ayub Khan

Name:
 
Email:
   
City:
 
Country:
Private:
Comment:


  Please do not use indecent language while giving your valuable comments.
   
  Now you can comment in Urdu, English OR both languages mixed
 
  English اردو
  NOTE: Any comment with abusive or foul language will be removed.
 
 

 Posted comments in profile 10 Comment(s) in Profile
 
rehana ( attock,Pakistan) Saturday, August 16, 2014 12:18:18 PM (MDT - USA)
GREAT HERO OF PAKISTAN

murad ( Rangpur,Bangladesh) Friday, December 13, 2013 2:04:07 AM (MDT - USA)
The real hero of Pakistan in all age of the world

muzamilsaeed ( layyah,Pakistan) Saturday, November 23, 2013 3:46:15 AM (MDT - USA)
Ayub khan was man of principle..He was very brave leader . During his period pakistan was moving towards in the lists of stable country. our GDP increases to 14% from 7%.

Raja Akhtar Zaman ( Haripur,United States) Monday, July 15, 2013 3:03:10 AM (MDT - USA)
A great man with a lot of courage and morality. Came from very small city and become a general on his on footings. very Geatr leader and handsome president

Sakhawat shah ( Nowshera ,Hong Kong) Monday, January 28, 2013 6:16:30 AM (MDT - USA)
Wish we can have smae great person who lead our Sweet home land Pakistan

Page  1  of  2   |<< < > >>|   Total no of records 10
Articles related to Muhammad Ayub Khan0 Article(s)
No Records Found
Audio \ Video related to Muhammad Ayub Khan 0 Audio(s) & Video(s)
No Records Found
Posted comments in programs
No comments found, please check back soon
Phone messages for Muhammad Ayub Khan 0 Phone Message(s)
No Records Found


Subscribe our news