The Original Name of Pir Pagaro is Shah Mardan Shah II is a political leader Leader of Hurs in Pakistan from the province of Sindh. He is the fourth Pir Pagara, The Word Pir Pagara is the title given to the leader of Sunni Muslim Sufi order of Hurs in Sindh province of Pakistan. It comes from Persian word Pir (Chief) and Sindhi word Pagara (Chieftain's Turban). The turban that Pir Pagaro's used to adorn was thought to belong to Prophet Muhammad.
He was born in December 22, 1928 in his native village in Sindh named Pir jo Goth (The Pir's Village) after his family. He became Pir Pagaro in 1954 after his father Pir Syed Sabghatullah Shah Pagaro was hanged on 20 March, 1943 by the British colonial government after armed uprising of Hurs.
He had his primary education at pir Jo Goth.some time at Karachi when he was under house arrest from 1946 he got his education at Aligarh.In Aligarh Kazi Sadrruddin a prosecuting Inspector Police used to teach Quran. From 1946 to 1952 in Liver pool [England] in Major Davis school. He had his graduation from England.There were only 12-13 students in this school all from foreign countries belonging to those families who opposed British rule in their countries. In this school he had no choose of subjects, but to study whatever administration said. He was forced to study a Christianity subject of Divinity to Learn French and Latin.
In 1949 Prime Minister Liaqut Ali Khan met him in England and assured of restoration of Status of Pir Pagara On 4th February 1952 his status of pir Pagara was officially restored and Dasterbandi was done.
When in 1967 gang of Karo Machi Dacoit played havoc in Sindh & Government was unable to control the Dacoits Pir Sahib ordered his followers to crush the Dacoits and maintain peach. The Hurs fought against the Dacoits and crushed them and maintained peace.Again in 1969 an other gang of Abbas Katohar dacoit snatched the peach of people of Sindh, The Hurs on order of Pir sahib crushed Abbas katohar's gang also and maintained peach. It is for the above services of Pir Sahib that he is called as Mohsin-e-Millat. In 1970 Pir sahib got a new paper "States man" published from Karachi whose Editor was Awais.
On the political side he is known as the "King Maker" as many people who had his political blessings came into power. Most notably his Hur disciple Mohammed Khan Junejo who became the Prime Minister of Pakistan.
Pir Pagara was taken to a hospital in London for treatment after suffering from an infection following his surgery in Karachi a few days ago. Pir Pagara breathed his last at the age of 83 on Tuesday 10th of January 2012.