General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq

Occupation:

Pak airforce Personnel

Designation: Sixth President of Pakistan
Institution / Org:

Pakistan Army

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General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq (12 August 1924 – 17 August
1988) was the sixth President of Pakistan from July
1977 to his death in August 1988. Distinguished by his role in the Black
September in Jordan military
operation in 1970, he was appointed Chief of Army Staff in 1976.
After widespread civil disorder, he overthrew ruling Prime
Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in a bloodless coup d'état on
5 July 1977 and became the state's third ruler to impose martial law. He
initially ruled as Chief Martial Law Administrator, but later installed
himself as the President of Pakistan in September 1978.



Zia's major domestic initiatives included the consolidation
of the fledgling nuclear program, which was initiated by Zulfiqar Ali
Bhutto, denationalization and deregulation and the state's
Islamization. His tenure saw the disbanding of the Baloch insurgency. His
endorsement of the Pakistan Muslim League (the founding party of Pakistan)
initiated its mainstream revival. However, he is most remembered for his
foreign policy; the subsidizing of the Mujahideen movement during
the 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan which
led to the Soviet Russian withdrawal from Afghanistan. He was described by
some as a "fundamentalist Sunni dictator".



Zia died along with several of his top generals and
then-United States Ambassador to PakistanArnold Lewis Raphel in a
suspicious aircraft crash near Bahawalpur (Punjab) on 17 August 1988.



Zia was born in Jalandhar, British India, in 1924
as the second child of an Arain, Muhammad Akbar, who worked as a
senior clerk in the Army GHQ in Delhi and
Simla pre-partition.



After graduation from St Stephen's College in Delhi, Zia joined
the British Indian Army in 1943. He married Shafiq Jahan in 1951. One
of his sons went into politics (Muhammad Ijaz-ul-Haq) becoming a cabinet
minister in the government of Nawaz Sharif. He completed his initial
education in Simrla and then at St. Stephen's College, Delhi.



General Zia-ul-Haq died in a plane crash on 17 August 1988.
After witnessing a US M1 Abrams tank demonstration in Bahawalpur, Zia had left the small town in the Punjab province by C-130 Hercules aircraft.
Shortly after a smooth take-off, the control tower lost contact with the
aircraft. Witnesses who saw the plane in the air afterward claim it was flying
erratically, then nosedived and exploded on impact. In addition to Zia, 31
others died in the plane crash, including Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff
Committee General Akhtar Abdur Rehman, close associate of General
Zia Brigadier Siddiquer Salik, the American Ambassador to
Pakistan Arnold Raphel and General Herbert M. Wassom, the head of the
U.S. Military aid mission to Pakistan. Ghulam
Ishaq Khan, the Senate Chairman announced Zia's death on radio and TV. The
manner of his death has given rise to many conspiracy theories. There is
speculation that America, India, the Soviet Union (as retaliation for
US-Pakistani supported attacks in Afghanistan) or an alliance of them
and internal groups were behind the attack.



A board of inquiry was set up to investigate the crash. It
concluded the most probable cause of the crash was a criminal act of
sabotage perpetrated in the aircraft. It also suggested that poisonous gases
were released which incapacitated the passengers and crew, which would explain
why no Mayday signal was given.



His funeral was held on 19 August 1988 in Islamabad. Also in
attendance was his successor President Ghulam Ishaq Khan, who had earlier
officially announced Zia's death in a nationwide address. Zia's body was buried
in a small tomb outside the Faisal Mosque.



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YASIR RAO ( GHOTKI,Pakistan) Thursday, August 28, 2014 10:18:41 AM (MDT - USA)
AISA MAA NE AJ TK KOI LAAL NI JANA JO AISA PAKISTANI LEADER BN SAKY JESA ZIA SAHB THY

maaz khalil ( peshawar,Pakistan) Wednesday, January 22, 2014 8:51:27 AM (MDT - USA)
great man he was.

Ali Raza Hasnain Bhatti ( Okara,Pakistan) Sunday, July 14, 2013 12:54:32 PM (MDT - USA)
General Zia ul Haq is the Great Hero of our country. He is Soldier of Islam, I really impressed by his life....

Haji Ameer Hamza ( BAHAWAL NAGAR,Pakistan) Friday, May 10, 2013 11:42:09 AM (MDT - USA)
The great President Zia UL Haq was just as a caring father of our sweet country PAKISTAN .In short we still love him very much. We pray God continue blessing on his grave. As well as whole Pakistan.

Diya Khan ( Gujrat,Pakistan) Sunday, March 31, 2013 7:15:44 AM (MDT - USA)
zia ul huq was such a good leader. Ilove his period. I have no word about his personilty

geologist rana haris ( Lahore,Pakistan) Saturday, August 14, 2010 2:16:44 AM (MDT - USA)
General Zia ul Haq was no doubt a great leader , a courgeous and brave soldier, a true ,pious and honest Muslim,

M.AKRAM KHAN NIAZI ( Karachi,Pakistan) Tuesday, July 06, 2010 4:06:10 AM (MDT - USA)
" Success of Jinnah and Zia in Pakistan and Failure of Others." In view of present scenario, when Pakistan is suffering from violent conflict between Pakistan army and Islamic Fighters and both are cutting throats of each other and killing each other mercilessly, and no one is there to stop them from this bloody madeness, In fact some ethnocentric parties and India are enjoying this bloody film continuously, and are trying to pour more fuel on this fire. In such condition it is the responsibility of Intellectuals of Pakistan to try to stop this blood shed and to analyze the past history of Pakistan and find out that why Pakistan was stable in the era of Quaid-e-Azam and General Zia, and was a most stable and strong country of the region in spite of all adversaries and enemity of British Empire, India and Soviet Union and why it has become so much unstable in the era of General Musharaf and Mr.Zardari in spite of support of World Super power USA,NATO and other nations.. Pakistan Needs Leader Like Quaid-e-Azam. Quaid-e-Azam was a leader who united whole the populations of Muslims of subcontinent on one platform in spite of all their weaknesses due to illiteracy, ethnocentrism, regionalism, provincialism and conspiracies of Indian National Congress and British rulers, From each sentence of his speeches it is evident that he was the most caring and sincere leader for Muslims and for their interests. His speeches are full of words like Muslims, Musalamans and Islam, He very strongly proved that he is a well wisher of Muslims and will never compromise against the best interests of Muslims. This was the reason that Muslims of subcontinent have thrown all their differences and were united under his leader ship without any reservation. For the cause of Muslims his family life was destroyed, his sister never married, her daughter was separated from him, For the cause of Muslims he lost his personnel home in Bombay, India, For the cause of Muslims he refused to accept the Premier ship of India and due

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