Maulana Aslam Jairajpuri ï¿½(1882 - 1955)
Maulana Aslam Jairajpuri was a great scholarof Qur'an, Hadith, and Muslim History. He was famous for hisbooks Talimat-e-Qur'an and "History of Qur'an. He was distinguishedprofessor of Arabic and Persian at Aligarh University and JamiaMillia Islamia. He was born on 27 January 1882 (7 Rabi-ul-Avval 1299)in Jairajpur (Azamgarh-UP ï¿½ India),and died on 28 December 1955 (13 Jumaada al-awal 1375) in Delhi.
His father, Maulana Salamtullah Jairajpuri (1850ï¿½1904) was adevout member of Ahl-e-Hadith movement (not the Ahl-e-Hadith sect), henceAllama Aslam's house at his birth, was a city center for Ahl-e-Hadith ullema.After his birth his father was asked by Nawab Siddik Hasan Khan to take thechair of presidency of Madrisah Vakfiah in Bhopal, which he took whilst his son stayedbehind in Jairajpur. For his infancy years he was mostly raised by hismaternal parents, which made him closer to the two.
His father sent him to the maktab (school) at the age offive. This school was just next to Allama Aslam's house in Jairajpur. Next yearhis father took him and his mother to Bhopal and enrolled him to memorizethe Qur'an. After memorizing Qur'an he learned Mathematics, Persian, Fiqh and Arabic. Thesubject of Tafsir was taught by his own father. Allama Aslam alsolearned the martial arts of Bana, Bank, Banot and shooting.
In his early years, with his friend Tauqeer al-Hasan, afterresearch and discussion regarding the reason of tradition for a long time,these two scholars came to the conclusion that according to principles of Fiqh,i.e. Muslim Jurisprudence, the laws can be changed and amended according to thetime and necessity.
After finishing the education, in 1903 Allama AslamJairajpuri joined Paisa Newspaper in Lahore,as a translator. Next year in June 1904 he received the letter regarding hisfather's illness and he hurried back to Bhopal.Next day his father died. It was 15 June 1904 / 30 Rabi-ul-Avval 1322.
In 1904 Allama Aslam met with Maulvi Abdullah Chakralvi.When he heard that he did not believe in all hadith but after adiscussion of three hours he was not able to convince Allama Aslam of his ownideas. Even after this, Allama Aslam kept searching about the true placeof hadith in Islam.
In 1906 Allama Aslam came to Aligarh Collegeand for six years taught Arabic and Persian at college level. In 1912 he wasput in charge of the Eastern section of the Litton Library of the college wherehe catalogued the books. When the college turned into Aligarh University,he was made the professor of Arabic and Persian.
This was around 1912 when he was in Aligarh University,that which he wrote "Talemat-e-Koran."
At the insistence of Mualana Maulana Mohammad Ali, heleft the job, joined Jamia Millia Islamia where he taught history ofIslam, hadith, and Qur'an. He wrote many scholarly articles in the journal"Jamia" of the Jamia Millia Islamia. He was so famous in thisJamia, (University), for his knowledge and scholarship that if someone utteredthe only word Mualana, (Arabic name for doctor or scholar), all the personsunderstood that he meant Mualana Aslam Jairajpuri.
He was also a regular contributor of The JournalTolu-e-Islam. He was also a friend and fan of Sir Muhammad Iqbal, andvisited him many time. Sir Muhammad Iqbal had a great respect for himdue to his great scholarship of Qur'an.
Ghulam Ahmed Pervez was a great admirer and fan of him.It was in 1930, when he, Ghulam Ahmed Pervez, (aged 27 years at thattime), read one of his article in this journal, and was so impressed by him,that he requested him for an appointment, and thereafter he became his discipleand friend. Maulana Aslam Jairajpuri also wrote introduction for the firstedition of "Ma'arf Qur'an" written by Ghulam Ahmed Pervez.After the emergence of Pakistan Maulana Aslam Jairajpuri, who livedin Delhi, visited Pakistan at the request of GhulamAhmed Pervez, and stayed at his home in Karachi. Afterwards Ghulam AhmedPervez published his many books including "Tareeq Ummat","Novrdat" from his publication house "Idara Tolu-e-Islam".
The question of status of Qur'an and Hadith inthe Islamic history is a complex one. Maulana Aslam Jairajpuri also solved thissubject in his many books. Though was doing fine in his practical world, but inhis spiritual world he was still haunted by only one subject, namely: the positionof Hadith in Islam. This he ultimately solved and in his own words,"When Allah showed me the facts of Qur'an at that point I cameto know the position of hadith in Qur'an, which is history ofIslam. To consider the hadith as Islam is not correct. If they werein Islam, then Muhammad (P.B.U.H) would also have left a writtenmanuscript of these, like he did in case of Qur'an. ForIslam, Qur'an is enough which is a complete book and in which Islamhas been finalized."